Jacobean: Historically 1603-1649. Late renaissance English style originating in the reign of King James I and continuing to the reign of King Charles I. It is characterized by large heavy pieces with rectangular lines and ornamented by low-relief Italianate carving. The common use of upholstery typifies the robust and comfortable style.
jacquard: fabric with an intricately woven pattern. Damask and brocade are both fabrics produced on a jacquard loom.
Japanning: a black enamel lacquer applied in several layers that creates a glossy finish.
jardinière: a large decorative plant stand.